The Mediterranean city in its environment

Since 2020, AVITEM has been working with its Algerian partners to build a set of thought around actions and knowledge that promote urban resilience, based firstly on traditional know-how. This cultural approach was then coupled with innovative territorial solutions in a series of webinars on the main resources of the Mediterranean. This research highlighted various success factors: prioritizing local materials and know-how, frugal consumption of resources, arrangements that favor financial solidarity and the specific role of the populations through their involvement in the projects that concern them.

This last point is particularly highlighted in AVITEM’s support for a project aimed at mitigating the degradation of the banks of Lake Bizerte and accelerating their reappropriation by the local population. In this program, developed in conjunction with Tunisian partners, the aim is to encourage the mobilization of citizens to stimulate and strengthen public action.

The result of this work is a series of publications, the 5 booklets “Urban Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Change – Innovative Solutions“, which describe the thoughts of the participants, planners, researchers, local authorities, innovative companies and start-ups. These booklets are freely available on the AVITEM website, under Resources. They obviously focus on the Mediterranean area and concern the lessons to be learned from the Ksar Tafilelt initiative (2021), better management of water, energy and waste, and the ability to identify and retain low-cost and easily disseminated techniques with low-tech (2022).

It should be noted that this work is an extension of the lines of action previously developed by the Partnerships Pole, notably concerning the city-port relationship. Indeed, the “energy” theme, for example, which was particularly explored in 2022, during which it was recalled that the Mediterranean Sea is and remains one of the privileged channels for the transit of fuels, also highlighted the role of the Mediterranean ports in this context.

It should be recalled that the reflection carried out by AVITEM from 2018 to 2020 aimed to better understand the recent evolution of the relationship between the city and the port, which is marked as much by the changes in port activity as by the new urban dynamics. We identified that the changes in port activity reflected the technological revolutions, the rapid fall in the value of certain commodities (oil products) and the almost unlimited increase in the size of ships. These accelerated developments upset the balance of port cities in terms of both their spatial and human components, resulting in the displacement of port activities to new sites on the outskirts of urban areas